Alliance Formation and Domestic Politics Writing sample-Alliance and Domestic Politics-LEE.pdf
The existing studies on the alliance formation have focused almost exclusively on the power of each state. However, domestic political arrangements can also shape alliance formation decisions. This study incorporates domestic political concerns into the analysis of alliance formation by tying alliance choices to concerns about policy concessions in a three-player game. Thus, this study endogenizes the linkage between external threats and policy concessions while also evaluating the effects of domestic political competition on alliance formation. Statistical analysis of propositions derived from the game prove generally to be consistent with expectations. The results, as well, support conventional power arguments regarding formation of alliance but show differences as a function of the defender and target’s regime type.
Both the model and the evidence reveal that regime type shapes alliance formation decisions. This important, newly identified difference in how regime type influences alliance formation under otherwise comparable circumstances is shown to follow theoretically for leaders concerned with their political survival. As a target of a threat, democratic regimes tend to be harder to convince to join an alliance than are autocratic regimes. Conversely, democracies that are in the role of prospective defenders of the target are more likely to offer an alliance than are autocracies.
On the theoretical Grounds of Foreign Policy Similarity Measures Writing sample 2-Foreign Policy Measurements.pdf
I reviewed the theoretical grounds and operational interpretations of the S-score, tau-b, Cohen’s and Scott’s and found that all of the measurements have significant limitations. This study also identifies some limitations of UN vote data in analyzing high politics issues. To resolve these issues and provide a more rigorous estimator using alliance portfolios, this study introduces an alternative measurement that approximates both the S-score and tau-b. Based on this alternative metric, the tau-like and S-like measurements are reinterpreted and their application is discussed. In doing so, the paper provides a better understanding of the two measurements and the relationships between them and other variables in empirical research designs, leading to a stronger foundation for the statistical models used in the study of international relations. For empirical applications of the measures, three practical issues of alliance similarity measures are discussed: the reasons why alliance similarity should be included in statistical models for alliance formation, how to adjust national capabilities considering the alliance effects, and alliance similarities in a k-adic research design. As an empirical example, I replicate Leeds (2003).